Maria Montessori (1870 – 1952) Doctor, anthropologist and teacher, studied children from highly deprived socio-cultural backgrounds for 50 years. Based on scientific, philosophical and educational findings, she developed a teaching method based on the respect of the uniqueness of each child (considering his/her own sensitivity and learning pace) :
Respect of the child :
A child learns through movement. The classroom is a place which is carefully prepared with the children in mind. They can move freely, safely and find the objects needed for their development.
The Montessori teacher guides the child towards confident and caring autonomy.
The respect of his own rhythm and individual characteristics :
Teaching is individualized and adapted to each child. Free choice and repetition of exercises lead a child to perseverance, concentration and mastery of movement.
Respect of the other person :
Awakening to social life. The class is a group of children of mixed ages who make up a true infant community. The absence of competition and comparison in a teaching structure favorises the development of solidarity and tolerance.
Respect of nature :
Through an early awakening to the needs of plants and animals, and observation of nature, the child is sensitised to the respect and protection of our environment.